The Global Peace Index (GPI) 2017 issued by the Institute for Economics and Peace determined that the world became 0.28% more peaceful over the past year, although in the last ten years it has turned more violent in general.
The GPI takes as factors peace pointers such as the impact of terrorism, the murder rate, armed services personnel in the population, correlation with adjacent countries, violent crimes, access to weaponry, and gives a full analysis on the status of global peace.
“The 2017 GPI shows that amidst continuing social and political turmoil, the world continues to spend enormous resources on creating and containing violence but very little on peace”, states Vision of Humanity.
The Index shows a slight improvement in 93 countries, while 68 deteriorated, Iceland maintains the first place as the most peaceful country in the world, position it has held since 2008; in the top 5 most peaceful countries in the world Iceland is followed by the index list by New Zealand, Portugal, Austria, and Denmark.
South America was the region that recorded the greatest increase, taking the fourth spot of nine as the most pacific region, this position used to be occupied by Central America and the Caribbean.
The first position as the most peaceful region was taken by Europe since it holds 8 out of the 10 most peaceful countries, however, its rate didn’t change much due to the circumstances in Turkey, the terrorist attacks that happened in Belgium and France, Spain’s overall scoring in the GPI which has declined and the tense relations with Russia. North America had the largest regional deterioration affected by its homicides rate, the internal organized conflict and the perception by
North America had the largest regional deterioration affected by its homicides rate, the internal organized conflict and the perception by the society of the levels of criminality.
South America improved its markings in most indicators and did particularly well in social wellness and security. Chile is listed as the most peaceful country in the region and in Latin America and is in position 22 in the world.
In the case of Costa Rica, it holds the first place in Central America, the second place in Latin America and is 33rd in the world.
Uruguay, Panama, and Argentina complete the top 5 in Latin America. Panama is second in Central America but is 49 in the global index.